Arthritis refers to a Painful Joint with Inflammation, The tendons and ligaments surrounding the joint may also experience inflammation which results from continuing tissue damage. It is one of the most frequent causes of arthritic pain. Inflammatory chemicals are released by your body, which alerts the nerves that provide pain signals to your brain. The resulting tissue damage causes pain there. Even though it may not be your ideal situation, pain is a crucial means for our bodies to let us know when anything is wrong so we can act.
Experts have identified a few risk factors that can result in the development of arthritis, despite the fact that the precise aetiology of the disease is unknown. You may be more vulnerable due to genetics, unhealthy body weight, joint damage or overuse, smoking, and other factors.
The symptoms may make it difficult for a person to carry out daily chores and can emerge suddenly or gradually. Individuals with arthritis experience different symptoms. However, you almost likely suffer joint-related symptoms like:
Joint discomfort, joint edema, joint redness and warmth, joint stiffness, or restricted joint movement.
There are various types of arthritis like Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, etc.
However, the most common type is osteoarthritis. When your joints are overworked, “wear and tear” happens. The most common cause is aging, but other causes include joint injuries or obesity, which puts more strain on your joints. According to research, radiographic signs of OA in women in their 40s can be seen. Additionally, it frequently affects those who are overweight.
When joint symptoms are severe, causing limited mobility and affecting quality of life, you may want to discuss a surgical solution with your doctor. Regular physical exercise, hot and cold therapies, prudent use of over-the-counter pain medicines, and assistive devices may help manage your symptoms if you already have mild to moderate joint pain and stiffness. OA is not a necessary aspect of aging, despite the fact that its prevalence tends to rise with age. By being physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding inflammatory foods like red meat, highly processed meals, and sugar, you can help prevent joint problems.
Treatment goals for Osteoarthritis are to minimize pain and functional loss. It can be treated with the help of manual therapy. That includes mobilization with movement, passive joint mobilization, patellar mobilization therapy, and various exercises that need to be performed. On a priority basis, range of motion is gained. Further, the strengthening plan includes quad sets, supine straight leg raises, prone hip extensions, seated isometric knee extensions, single-leg leg presses, standing hamstring curls, and standing heel raises.