Woody et al. Firstly define the name of ketone bodies such as acetone, acetoacetate, and B- hydroxybutyrate in healthy subjects. Dr. Russel coined the term ketogenic diet in 1921. This diet at first used to treat epilepsy. In the following decades, it became a standard for pediatric epilepsy until the arrival of antiepileptics.
Keto diet means (ketogenic diet) basically relates to an eating plan which includes low carbohydrates but is rich in protein levels. This relies on the ketone bodies that our liver produces from stored food. Ketosis happens when our body isn’t having many carbohydrates to produce energy. So, in this condition, our body itself utilized stored fat to make ketone bodies used it as a fuel to do work.
Keto Diet Adverse Effects
Why keto is bad? A ketogenic diet causes low blood pressure, constipation, kidney stones, bad breath, and decrease bone density many more, Therefore the ketogenic diet relates to the side effects, individuals following this type of diet may experience numerous undesirable effects.
A Sudden change to low carbohydrate some patients faces ketosis a keto flu includes;
“keto flu.” Common symptoms Trusted Source of keto flu includes:
- Fatigue, nausea, and vomiting
- Endurance issues when exercising
- Headaches, constipation, dizziness
- Short -Term side effects
Most evident short-term side effects at the beginning of therapy specifically when a person commences diet with the initial fast.
Most commonly hypoglycemia is seen and other noticeable signs include;
Increased thrust, fatigue, irritability, anxiety, confusion, hunger, tachycardia, lightheadedness, and shaking or sweating, and chills. Moreover some experience low-grade acidosis and constipation. This happened when continued the keto diet but this recovered when the type of diet changes body adapted new form of energy.
Alteration in Blood Composition
Individuals following the ketogenic diet experience several changes in dietary composition and the body’s working mechanism to cope with decreased carbohydrate intake.
Especially the level of cholesterol and lipid raises in the blood. More than 60% lipids and more than 30%cholesterol in blood composition. If these changes are profound and some concern to healthy diet slight changes made to the individual. for example, saturated fat sources change for polyunsaturated fat. on the other side in some cases lower the ketogenic ratio and reduces the proportion of fat to carbohydrate and protein levels in the diet.
Long-Term Side Effects
The children following the ketogenic diet, Nephrolithiasis (kidney stones) is probably seen in approximately 5% of patients. some studies evident that by using supplements of potassium citrate however kidney stones are treatable.
Additionally, this increases the risk of bone fracture. moreover, it arises from an altered level of insulin growth factor 1 and the effects of acidosis.
Keto Diet Effects in Adults
Commonly in adults a marked weight loss, constipation Higher levels of cholesterol, and triglycerides. Also, women experience irregular Menstrual Cycles and Amenorrhea, Weight Loss. A person following a keto diet has evidence of vitamin and mineral deficiency that ranges symptoms from mild to severe. The patient on the keto diet makes ensures that he /she never skip nutrients.
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Other potential risks include
- Hepatic steatosis (fatty liver)
- Low levels of protein in the blood