Stem Cell Therapy:
Stem cell therapy is one of the more advanced medical treatments that is used for the repair of diseased and dysfunctional tissue and is also known as regenerative medicine. These are body cells that divide to form daughter cells which later form similar stem cells or differentiate into specific cells like heart, brain, or blood cells.
There are two types of stem cells. One are the hematopoietic stem cells and the other are called as mesenchymal stem cells, also known as MSCs. These have the capacity to regenerate bone, cartilage, and fat. They have the ability to support cartilage.
They work in four main ways i.e. decrease Scarring, boost the immune system, control inflammation, and stimulate regeneration
Stem cells are used for different purposes:
- To check the effectiveness of a medicine: Researchers use stem cells to check the quality and effectiveness of medicine along with the safety to use on humans.
- To replace the damaged cells: Stem cells are used to replace and repair old and diseased cells with a new cells for better functioning. Stroke, burns, cancer, ALS, and Type 1 Diabetes are some names that can be treated with stem cell therapy. Bone marrow is the oldest to use.
- To understand how a disease develops into healthy cells: to review how a stem cell grows and matures into different cell types of brain, bone, and heart might help us to understand the process of developing a disease.
Regenerative medicine is a comparatively new field. It is derived from the concept of transplantation medicine. It is used mostly in chronic cases to repair the old damaged cells due to some disease or trauma. Stem cell therapy helps to treat chronic pains in a way that helps to avoid the most severe surgical processes.
Physical therapy helps a supportive role in the care of these patients after stem cell therapy. Regenerative Rehabilitation is a comparatively new term that has evolved from the combination of Rehabilitation and Regenerative medicine.
The rehabilitation program is done after a patient has gone through stem cell therapy due to chronic osteoarthritis, facet joint dysfunction, or any injury to the cartilage. It also gives solutions for old-age persons with different joint conditions.
The stem cell is an alternative to clinical medicine that focuses on treating the symptoms of the patients. Rehabilitation after stem cell therapy should be started on the very next day.
If stem cell therapy is used as a part of orthopedics surgery then the rehabilitation will be the same as the post-surgical rehabilitation. It focused on complete post-surgical rehabilitation protocols to recover the patient to maximal optimum level.
In comparison with orthopedic surgery, stem cell injections are minimal invasive procedure with no disability. The focus will be on remediating the structure and strength deficit. Strength training will be according to the individual level of endurance.
Fatigue due to treatment is common. Progression will be made with time focusing on improving the functional level.
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